Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Capital City: Islamabad
Main Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot.
Population: 190 Million (estimated) in 2011
Climate: Sub-tropical; cold in the highlands
Currency: Pak Rupee (PKR) = 100 Paisa
Exchange Rate: As of November 2012 : PKR 95.80 : USD 1
Fiscal Year: 01 July – 30 June
Central Bank: State Bank of Pakistan
Major Industries: Textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electrical goods, shipbuilding
Exports: Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items, carpets, sports goods, handicrafts, sea-food and fruit.
Imports: Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses and tea.
Major Crops: Cotton, wheat, rice, millet and sugarcane.
Agricultural Growth Rate: 1.2% in 2011
Natural Resources: Land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E
Religion: Islam 95% other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%
Form of State: Federal parliamentary democracy
Sources: Pakistan Economic Survey 2011, EIU Country Report June 2011 & Government of Pakistan www.pak.gov.pk/basicfacts